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Creative Evolution(Annotated) Henri Bergson

Creative Evolution(Annotated)

Henri Bergson

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276 pages
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THESE ARE THE CONTENTSIntroductionCHAPTER IPAGEThe Evolution of Life—Mechanism and TeleologyOf duration in general—Unorganized bodies and abstract time—Organized bodies and realduration—Individuality and the process of growing old 1OfMoreTHESE ARE THE CONTENTSIntroductionCHAPTER IPAGEThe Evolution of Life—Mechanism and TeleologyOf duration in general—Unorganized bodies and abstract time—Organized bodies and realduration—Individuality and the process of growing old 1Of transformism and the different ways of interpreting it—Radical mechanism and realduration: the relation of biology to physics and chemistry—Radical finalism and real duration:the relation of biology to philosophyThe quest of a criterion—Examination of the various theories with regard to a particularexample—Darwin and insensible variation—De Vries and sudden variation—Eimer and2359orthogenesis—Neo-Lamarckism and the hereditability of acquired charactersResult of the inquiry—The vital impetus 87CHAPTER IIThe Divergent Directions of the Evolution of Life—Torpor, Intelligence, InstinctGeneral idea of the evolutionary process—Growth—Divergent and complementary tendencies—The meaning of progress and of adaptation 98The relation of the animal to the plant—General tendency of animal life—The development ofanimal life 105The main directions of the evolution of life: torpor, intelligence, instinct 135The nature of the intellect 151The nature of instinct 165Life and consciousness—The apparent place of man in nature 176CHAPTER IIIOn the Meaning of Life—The Order of Nature and the Form of IntelligenceRelation of the problem of life to the problem of knowledge—The method of philosophy—Apparent vicious circle of the method proposed—Real vicious circle of the opposite method 186Simultaneous genesis of matter and intelligence—Geometry inherent in matter—Geometricaltendency of the intellect—Geometry and deduction—Geometry and induction—Physical laws 199Sketch of a theory of knowledge based on the analysis of the idea of Disorder—Two opposedforms of order: the problem of genera and the problem of laws—The idea of disorder an220oscillation of the intellect between the two kinds of orderCreation and evolution—Ideal genesis of matter—The origin and function of life—Theessential and the accidental in the vital process and in the evolutionary movement—Mankind— 236The life of the body and the life of the spiritCHAPTER IVThe Cinematographical Mechanism of Thought and the Mechanistic Illusion—A Glance at theHistory of Systems—Real Becoming and False EvolutionismSketch of a criticism of philosophical systems, based on the analysis of the idea of Immutabilityand of the idea of Nothing—Relation of metaphysical problems to the idea of Nothing—272Real meaning of this ideaForm and Becoming 298The philosophy of Forms and its conception of Becoming—Plato and Aristotle—The naturaltrend of the intellect 304Becoming in modern science: two views of Time 329The metaphysical interpretation of modern science: Descartes, Spinoza, Leib